Sleep Conditions

Sleep-related difficulties affect many people. The following is a description of some of the major sleep disorders we treat. If you, or someone you know, are experiencing any of the following, it is important to receive an evaluation by a qualified sleep specialist. Call us at 770-343-8760 to make an appointment with our sleep specialist Dr. Callahan.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

Do you often feel tired during the day and are unable to get a restful night sleep? If so, you may be suffering from a common sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea. It occurs when tissues in the upper airways come too close to each other during sleep, temporarily blocking the inflow of air. OSA can develop in anyone at any age but most often occurs in men who are age 40 or older and are overweight.

Symptoms of OSA include snoring, restless sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden brief waking during the night and impaired mental or emotional functioning.

OSA needs to be diagnosed by a sleep specialist. Dr. Callahan has extensive experience working with patients with this condition. Typically he will inquire about your medical and sleep history, conduct a physical exam and may recommend further diagnostic testing, including a sleep study.

If you think you may be suffering from sleep apnea, click here to take the STOP-BANG Sleep Apnea Questionnaire

Central Sleep Apnea (CSA)

Central sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which breathing stops over and over during sleep. The condition often occurs in people who have certain medical problems including:

  • Problems that affect the brainstem, including brain infection, stroke, or conditions of the cervical spine (neck)
  • Severe obesity
  • Taking certain medicines, such as narcotic painkillers


Do you have difficulty staying asleep? Insomnia can be a short-term or long-term condition, but it always involves problems with falling asleep or staying asleep. Short-term (acute) insomnia can be caused by illness, stress, travel, or environmental factors. Long-term (chronic) insomnia may be due to underlying psychological or physical conditions. Anyone can get insomnia, but it is generally more common in women than in men. The elderly are particularly at risk for insomnia.

At North Point Pulmonary Associates, we offer various testing options to help diagnose and treat insomnia. Call 770-343-8760 for an appointment today.


Do you keep your partner awake with your snoring? Snoring is a loud, hoarse, harsh breathing sound that occurs during sleep and is common in adults. Loud, frequent snoring can make it hard for both you and your bed partner to get enough sleep. Sometimes snoring can be a sign of a sleep disorder called sleep apnea.

Call us to schedule an appointment with Dr. Callahan if your snoring has become an issue or if you:

  • Have problems with attention, concentration, or memory
  • Wake up in the morning not feeling rested
  • Feel very drowsy during the day
  • Have morning headaches
  • Gain weight
  • Tried self-care for snoring and it has not helped

Excessive Sleepiness/Drowsiness

Drowsiness refers to feeling abnormally sleepy during the day. People who are drowsy may fall asleep in inappropriate situations or at inappropriate times. Excessive daytime sleepiness (without a known cause) may be a sign of a sleep disorder. If you are suffering from excessive sleepiness or drowsiness give us a call so we can help you determine what might be causing it. Once that is diagnosed, we can then help treat it.


Narcolepsy is a nervous system problem that causes extreme sleepiness and attacks of daytime sleep. Experts aren't sure of the exact cause of narcolepsy although it may run in families. If you experience these symptoms, you may be suffering from narcolepsy:

  • Extreme daytime sleepiness
  • Cataplexy (occurs when strong emotion or laughter causes you to your body to physically collapse while remaining conscious.)
  • Hallucinations
  • Sleep paralysis

Since narcolepsy can be dangerous if episodes occur while driving or operating machinery, it is imperative that it be diagnosed and treated. Although there is no cure for narcolepsy, at North Point Pulmonary Associates, we have many treatment options available to you. Call us today for an appointment.

Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a nervous system problem that causes you to feel an unstoppable urge to get up and pace or walk. You may have an unstoppable urge to move when you feel sensations in your legs, feet or arms that make you uncomfortable such as creeping, crawling, pulling, tugging, burning, aching, or itching. Give us a call if these symptoms get worse when you lie down or sit for long periods of time, last for more than an hour and are relieved when you move or stretch. We can help you cope with the condition and treat your symptoms of RLS.